Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory
Founded in: 1946
Specialization: Astrophysics

General Information

Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory was founded in 1946 on the initiative of academician Victor Ambartsumian,who became the first director of the observatory. It is located on the picturesque southern slope of the mountain Aragatz. At the observatory five observational instruments are installed the larger ones being 2.6 m Cassegrain telescope and 1m Schmidt telescope. Scientific researches of the observatory are related mainly with the instability phenomena taking place in the Universe. Since 1946 numerous scientific meetings were held in Byurakan including four symposia and a colloquium of the IAU.
The architectural ensemble of the observatory which consists of two - the functional part containing the telescope towers, administrative and laboratory buildings, conference hall, guest house, etc and the campus is designed by the famous Armenian architect Samvel Safarian.
Besides the scientific research the observatory fulfils an informative activity as well organizing excursions and lectures for amateurs.
Since 1998 the Byurakan Observatory bears the name of V.A. Ambartsumian.

Main Activity

Detection and study of galaxies possessed by active nuclei and other forms of activity, study of extragalactic objects from the First and Second Byurakan spectral surveys, observational and theoretical studies of systems of galaxies, including the compact and wide groups of galaxies, analysis of the influence of activity processes on the objects’ evolution.
Studies of star formation regions, including the non-stable young objects of our Galaxy, detection and studies of stellar associations and their typical population – non-stable and flare stars, H-alpha emission stars, young stars possessing of various types of activity, including the anisotropic optical jets, detection and studies of nebula, detection and exploration of blue stellar objects and late type stars from Byurakan spectral surveys.
Mathematical modeling of actual problems of astrophysics, interpretation of spectra of cosmic objects, theory of radiation transfer in stohastically inhomogeneous media, problems of the observational cosmology, including the formation of cosmic objects belonging to various hierarchical levels and their evolution.
Astronomical instrument-making, including the design and building of telescopes and astronomical towers and domes.


Address: 378433 Byurakan, Aragatzotn province, Republic of Armenia
Tel.:(+374 91) 455421, Fax:(+374 10) 569281